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sysdep.cc

/*

Copyright (C) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003,
              2005, 2006, 2007 John W. Eaton

This file is part of Octave.

Octave is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version.

Octave is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with Octave; see the file COPYING.  If not, see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

*/

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

#include <cfloat>
#include <cstddef>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cstring>

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif
#include <unistd.h>
#endif

#if defined (HAVE_TERMIOS_H)
#include <termios.h>
#elif defined (HAVE_TERMIO_H)
#include <termio.h>
#elif defined (HAVE_SGTTY_H)
#include <sgtty.h>
#endif 

#if defined (HAVE_CONIO_H)
#include <conio.h>
#endif

#if defined (HAVE_SYS_IOCTL_H)
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#endif

#if defined (HAVE_FLOATINGPOINT_H)
#include <floatingpoint.h>
#endif

#if defined (HAVE_IEEEFP_H)
#include <ieeefp.h>
#endif

#if !defined (HAVE_GETHOSTNAME) && defined (HAVE_SYS_UTSNAME_H)
#include <sys/utsname.h>
#endif

#include "cmd-edit.h"
#include "file-ops.h"
#include "lo-mappers.h"
#include "lo-math.h"
#include "mach-info.h"
#include "oct-env.h"
#include "quit.h"

#include "Cell.h"
#include "defun.h"
#include "error.h"
#include "input.h"
#include "oct-obj.h"
#include "ov.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include "sighandlers.h"
#include "sysdep.h"
#include "toplev.h"
#include "utils.h"
#include "file-stat.h"

#ifndef STDIN_FILENO
#define STDIN_FILENO 1
#endif

#if defined (__386BSD__) || defined (__FreeBSD__)
static void
BSD_init (void)
{
#if defined (HAVE_FLOATINGPOINT_H)
  // Disable trapping on common exceptions.
#ifndef FP_X_DNML
#define FP_X_DNML 0
#endif
  fpsetmask (~(FP_X_OFL|FP_X_INV|FP_X_DZ|FP_X_DNML|FP_X_UFL|FP_X_IMP));
#endif
}
#endif

#if defined (__WIN32__) && ! defined (_POSIX_VERSION)
static void
w32_set_octave_home (void)
{
  int n = 1024;

  std::string bin_dir (n, '\0');

  while (true)
    {
      HMODULE hMod = GetModuleHandle ("octinterp");
      int status = GetModuleFileName (hMod, &bin_dir[0], n);

      if (status < n)
      {
        bin_dir.resize (status);
        break;
      }
      else
      {
        n *= 2;
        bin_dir.resize (n);
      }
    }

  if (! bin_dir.empty ())
    {
      size_t pos = bin_dir.rfind ("\\bin\\");

      if (pos != NPOS)
      octave_env::putenv ("OCTAVE_HOME", bin_dir.substr (0, pos));
    }
}

void
w32_set_quiet_shutdown (void)
{
  // Let the user close the console window or shutdown without the
  // pesky dialog.
  //
  // FIXME -- should this be user configurable?
  SetProcessShutdownParameters (0x280, SHUTDOWN_NORETRY);
}

void
MINGW_signal_cleanup (void)
{
  w32_set_quiet_shutdown ();

  w32_raise_final ();
}
#endif

#if defined (__MINGW32__)
static void
MINGW_init (void)
{
  w32_set_octave_home ();

  // Init mutex to protect setjmp/longjmp and get main thread context
  w32_sigint_init ();

  w32_set_quiet_shutdown ();
}
#endif

#if defined (_MSC_VER)
static void
MSVC_init (void)
{
  w32_set_octave_home ();
  
  // Init mutex to protect setjmp/longjmp and get main thread context
  w32_sigint_init ();

  w32_set_quiet_shutdown ();
}
#endif

#if defined (__CYGWIN__)

#include <limits.h>
#include <sys/cygwin.h>

static void
CYGWIN_init (void)
{
  // Make sure TMPDIR contains an absolute windows path.  Use '/'
  // rather than '\\' so that sh expansion won't mess file names.

  std::string tmpdir = octave_env::getenv ("TMPDIR");

  if (tmpdir.empty ())
    tmpdir = "/tmp";

  char buf [PATH_MAX];

  if (cygwin32_conv_to_full_win32_path (tmpdir.c_str (), buf) < 0)
    panic ("CYGWIN_init: unable to convert TMPDIR (= \"%s\") to Windows directory name",
         tmpdir.c_str ());
  else
    {
      tmpdir = buf;

      for (size_t i = 0; i < tmpdir.length (); i++)
      if (tmpdir[i] == '\\')
        tmpdir[i] = '/';
    }

  octave_env::putenv ("TMPDIR", tmpdir);
}
#endif

// Return TRUE if FILE1 and FILE2 refer to the same (physical) file.

bool
same_file_internal (const std::string& file1, const std::string& file2)
{
#ifdef OCTAVE_USE_WINDOWS_API

  bool retval = false;

  // Windows native code 
  // Reference: http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa363788.aspx

  HANDLE hfile1 = CreateFile (file1.c_str (), 0, FILE_SHARE_READ, 0,
                        OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0); 

  if (hfile1 != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
      HANDLE hfile2 = CreateFile (file2.c_str (), 0, FILE_SHARE_READ, 0,
                          OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0);

      if (hfile2 != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
      {  
        BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION hfi1;
        BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION hfi2;
  
        if (GetFileInformationByHandle (hfile1, &hfi1)
            && GetFileInformationByHandle (hfile2, &hfi2))
  
          retval = (hfi1.dwVolumeSerialNumber == hfi2.dwVolumeSerialNumber
                  && hfi1.nFileIndexHigh == hfi2.nFileIndexHigh
                  && hfi1.nFileIndexLow == hfi2.nFileIndexLow);

        CloseHandle (hfile2);
      }

      CloseHandle (hfile1);
    }

  return retval;

#else

  // POSIX Code

  file_stat fs_file1 (file1);
  file_stat fs_file2 (file2);

  return (fs_file1 && fs_file2
        && fs_file1.ino () == fs_file2.ino ()
        && fs_file1.dev () == fs_file2.dev ());

#endif
}

#if defined (__DECCXX)

// These don't seem to be instantiated automatically...

template std::istream&
std::operator >> (std::istream&, std::complex<double>&);

template std::string&
std::string::append (const std::string&, size_t, size_t);

#endif

#if defined (NeXT)
extern "C"
{
  typedef void (*_cplus_fcn_int) (int);
  extern void (*malloc_error (_cplus_fcn_int)) (int);
}

static void
malloc_handler (int code)
{
  if (code == 5)
    warning ("hopefully recoverable malloc error: freeing wild pointer");
  else
    panic ("probably irrecoverable malloc error: code %d", code);
}

static void
NeXT_init (void)
{
  malloc_error (malloc_handler);
}
#endif

#if defined (__EMX__)
OS2_init (void)
{
  _control87 ((EM_INVALID | EM_DENORMAL | EM_ZERODIVIDE | EM_OVERFLOW
             | EM_UNDERFLOW | EM_INEXACT), MCW_EM);
}
#endif

#if defined (SCO)
static void
SCO_init (void)
{
#if defined (HAVE_IEEEFP_H)
  // Disable trapping on common exceptions.
  fpsetmask (~(FP_X_OFL|FP_X_INV|FP_X_DZ|FP_X_DNML|FP_X_UFL|FP_X_IMP));
#endif
}
#endif

void
sysdep_init (void)
{
#if defined (__386BSD__) || defined (__FreeBSD__)
  BSD_init ();
#elif defined (__CYGWIN__)
  CYGWIN_init ();
#elif defined (__MINGW32__)
  MINGW_init ();
#elif defined (_MSC_VER)
  MSVC_init ();
#elif defined (NeXT)
  NeXT_init ();
#elif defined (__EMX__)
  OS2_init ();
#elif defined (SCO)
  SCO_init ();
#endif

  octave_ieee_init ();
}

void
sysdep_cleanup (void)
{
  MINGW_SIGNAL_CLEANUP ();
}

// Set terminal in raw mode.  From less-177.
//
// Change terminal to "raw mode", or restore to "normal" mode.
// "Raw mode" means 
//    1. An outstanding read will complete on receipt of a single keystroke.
//    2. Input is not echoed.  
//    3. On output, \n is mapped to \r\n.
//    4. \t is NOT expanded into spaces.
//    5. Signal-causing characters such as ctrl-C (interrupt),
//       etc. are NOT disabled.
// It doesn't matter whether an input \n is mapped to \r, or vice versa.

void
raw_mode (bool on, bool wait)
{
  static bool curr_on = false;

  int tty_fd = STDIN_FILENO;
  if (! isatty (tty_fd))
    {
      if (interactive)
      error ("stdin is not a tty!");
      return;
    }

  if (on == curr_on)
    return;

#if defined (HAVE_TERMIOS_H)
  {
    struct termios s;
    static struct termios save_term;

    if (on)
      {
      // Get terminal modes.

      tcgetattr (tty_fd, &s);

      // Save modes and set certain variables dependent on modes.

      save_term = s;
//    ospeed = s.c_cflag & CBAUD;
//    erase_char = s.c_cc[VERASE];
//    kill_char = s.c_cc[VKILL];

      // Set the modes to the way we want them.

      s.c_lflag &= ~(ICANON|ECHO|ECHOE|ECHOK|ECHONL);
      s.c_oflag |=  (OPOST|ONLCR);
#if defined (OCRNL)
      s.c_oflag &= ~(OCRNL);
#endif
#if defined (ONOCR)
      s.c_oflag &= ~(ONOCR);
#endif
#if defined (ONLRET)
      s.c_oflag &= ~(ONLRET);
#endif
      s.c_cc[VMIN] = wait ? 1 : 0;
      s.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;
      }      
    else
      {
      // Restore saved modes.

      s = save_term;
      }

    tcsetattr (tty_fd, TCSAFLUSH, &s);
  }
#elif defined (HAVE_TERMIO_H)
  {
    struct termio s;
    static struct termio save_term;

    if (on)
      {
      // Get terminal modes.

      ioctl (tty_fd, TCGETA, &s);

      // Save modes and set certain variables dependent on modes.

      save_term = s;
//    ospeed = s.c_cflag & CBAUD;
//    erase_char = s.c_cc[VERASE];
//    kill_char = s.c_cc[VKILL];

      // Set the modes to the way we want them.

      s.c_lflag &= ~(ICANON|ECHO|ECHOE|ECHOK|ECHONL);
      s.c_oflag |=  (OPOST|ONLCR);
#if defined (OCRNL)
      s.c_oflag &= ~(OCRNL);
#endif
#if defined (ONOCR)
      s.c_oflag &= ~(ONOCR);
#endif
#if defined (ONLRET)
      s.c_oflag &= ~(ONLRET);
#endif
      s.c_cc[VMIN] = wait ? 1 : 0;
      }      
    else
      {
      // Restore saved modes.

      s = save_term;
      }

    ioctl (tty_fd, TCSETAW, &s);
  }
#elif defined (HAVE_SGTTY_H)
  {
    struct sgttyb s;
    static struct sgttyb save_term;

    if (on)
      {
      // Get terminal modes.

      ioctl (tty_fd, TIOCGETP, &s);

      // Save modes and set certain variables dependent on modes.

      save_term = s;
//    ospeed = s.sg_ospeed;
//    erase_char = s.sg_erase;
//    kill_char = s.sg_kill;

      // Set the modes to the way we want them.

      s.sg_flags |= CBREAK;
      s.sg_flags &= ~(ECHO);
      } 
    else
      {
      // Restore saved modes.

      s = save_term;
      }

    ioctl (tty_fd, TIOCSETN, &s);
  }
#else
  warning ("no support for raw mode console I/O on this system");

  // Make sure the current mode doesn't toggle.
  on = curr_on;
#endif

  curr_on = on;
}

FILE *
octave_popen (const char *command, const char *mode)
{
#if defined (__MINGW32__) || defined (_MSC_VER)
  if (mode && mode[0] && ! mode[1])
    {
      char tmode[3];
      tmode[0] = mode[0];
      tmode[1] = 'b';
      tmode[2] = 0;

      return _popen (command, tmode);
    }
  else
    return _popen (command, mode);
#else
  return popen (command, mode);
#endif
}

int
octave_pclose (FILE *f)
{
#if defined (__MINGW32__) || defined (_MSC_VER)
  return _pclose (f);
#else
  return pclose (f);
#endif
}

// Read one character from the terminal.

int
octave_kbhit (bool wait)
{
#ifdef HAVE__KBHIT
  int c = (! wait && ! _kbhit ()) ? 0 : std::cin.get ();
#else
  raw_mode (true, wait);

  // Get current handler.
  octave_interrupt_handler saved_interrupt_handler
    = octave_ignore_interrupts ();

  // Restore it, disabling system call restarts (if possible) so the
  // read can be interrupted.

  octave_set_interrupt_handler (saved_interrupt_handler, false);

  int c = std::cin.get ();
 
  if (std::cin.fail () || std::cin.eof ())
    std::cin.clear ();

  // Restore it, enabling system call restarts (if possible).
  octave_set_interrupt_handler (saved_interrupt_handler, true);

  raw_mode (false, true);
#endif

  return c;
}

DEFUN (clc, , ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} clc ()\n\
@deftypefnx {Built-in Function} {} home ()\n\
Clear the terminal screen and move the cursor to the upper left corner.\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  command_editor::clear_screen ();

  return octave_value_list ();
}

DEFALIAS (home, clc);

DEFUN (getenv, args, ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} getenv (@var{var})\n\
Return the value of the environment variable @var{var}.  For example,\n\
\n\
@example\n\
getenv (\"PATH\")\n\
@end example\n\
\n\
@noindent\n\
returns a string containing the value of your path.\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  octave_value retval;

  int nargin = args.length ();

  if (nargin == 1)
    {
      std::string name = args(0).string_value ();

      if (! error_state)
      retval = octave_env::getenv (name);
    }
  else
    print_usage ();

  return retval;
}

DEFUN (putenv, args, ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} putenv (@var{var}, @var{value})\n\
@deftypefnx {Built-in Function} {} setenv (@var{var}, @var{value})\n\
Set the value of the environment variable @var{var} to @var{value}.\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  octave_value_list retval;

  int nargin = args.length ();

  if (nargin == 2 || nargin == 1)
    {
      std::string var = args(0).string_value (); 

      if (! error_state)
      {
        std::string val = (nargin == 2
                       ? args(1).string_value () : std::string ()); 

        if (! error_state)
          octave_env::putenv (var, val);
        else
          error ("putenv: second argument should be a string");
      }
      else
      error ("putenv: first argument should be a string");
    }
  else
    print_usage ();

  return retval;
}
DEFALIAS (setenv, putenv);

// FIXME -- perhaps kbhit should also be able to print a prompt?

DEFUN (kbhit, args, ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} kbhit ()\n\
Read a single keystroke from the keyboard. If called with one\n\
argument, don't wait for a keypress.  For example,\n\
\n\
@example\n\
x = kbhit ();\n\
@end example\n\
\n\
@noindent\n\
will set @var{x} to the next character typed at the keyboard as soon as\n\
it is typed.\n\
\n\
@example\n\
x = kbhit (1);\n\
@end example\n\
\n\
@noindent\n\
identical to the above example, but don't wait for a keypress,\n\
returning the empty string if no key is available.\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  octave_value retval;

  // FIXME -- add timeout and default value args?

  if (interactive || forced_interactive)
    {
      feval ("drawnow");

      int c = octave_kbhit (args.length () == 0);

      if (c == -1)
      c = 0;

      char *s = new char [2];
      s[0] = c;
      s[1] = '\0';
      retval = s;
    }

  return retval;
}

DEFUN (pause, args, ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} pause (@var{seconds})\n\
Suspend the execution of the program.  If invoked without any arguments,\n\
Octave waits until you type a character.  With a numeric argument, it\n\
pauses for the given number of seconds.  For example, the following\n\
statement prints a message and then waits 5 seconds before clearing the\n\
screen.\n\
\n\
@example\n\
@group\n\
fprintf (stderr, \"wait please...\\n\");\n\
pause (5);\n\
clc;\n\
@end group\n\
@end example\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  octave_value_list retval;

  int nargin = args.length ();

  if (! (nargin == 0 || nargin == 1))
    {
      print_usage ();
      return retval;
    }

  if (nargin == 1)
    {
      double dval = args(0).double_value ();

      if (! error_state)
      {
        if (! xisnan (dval))
          {
            feval ("drawnow");

            if (xisinf (dval))
            {
              flush_octave_stdout ();
              octave_kbhit ();
            }
            else
            octave_sleep (dval);
          }
        else
          warning ("pause: NaN is an invalid delay");
      }
    }
  else
    {
      feval ("drawnow");
      flush_octave_stdout ();
      octave_kbhit ();
    }

  return retval;
}

DEFUN (sleep, args, ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} sleep (@var{seconds})\n\
Suspend the execution of the program for the given number of seconds.\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  octave_value_list retval;

  if (args.length () == 1)
    {
      double dval = args(0).double_value ();

      if (! error_state)
      {
        if (xisnan (dval))
          warning ("sleep: NaN is an invalid delay");
        else
          {
            feval ("drawnow");
            octave_sleep (dval);
          }
      }
    }
  else
    print_usage ();

  return retval;
}

DEFUN (usleep, args, ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} usleep (@var{microseconds})\n\
Suspend the execution of the program for the given number of\n\
microseconds.  On systems where it is not possible to sleep for periods\n\
of time less than one second, @code{usleep} will pause the execution for\n\
@code{round (@var{microseconds} / 1e6)} seconds.\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  octave_value_list retval;

  if (args.length () == 1)
    {
      double dval = args(0).double_value ();

      if (! error_state)
      {
        if (xisnan (dval))
          warning ("usleep: NaN is an invalid delay");
        else
          {
            feval ("drawnow");

            int delay = NINT (dval);

            if (delay > 0)
            octave_usleep (delay);
          }
      }
    }
  else
    print_usage ();

  return retval;
}

// FIXME -- maybe this should only return 1 if IEEE floating
// point functions really work.

DEFUN (isieee, , ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} isieee ()\n\
Return 1 if your computer claims to conform to the IEEE standard for\n\
floating point calculations.\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  oct_mach_info::float_format flt_fmt = oct_mach_info::native_float_format ();

  return octave_value (flt_fmt == oct_mach_info::flt_fmt_ieee_little_endian
                   || flt_fmt == oct_mach_info::flt_fmt_ieee_big_endian);
}

DEFUN (native_float_format, , ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} native_float_format ()\n\
Return the native floating point format as a string\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  oct_mach_info::float_format flt_fmt = oct_mach_info::native_float_format ();

  return octave_value (oct_mach_info::float_format_as_string (flt_fmt));
}

DEFUN (tilde_expand, args, ,
  "-*- texinfo -*-\n\
@deftypefn {Built-in Function} {} tilde_expand (@var{string})\n\
Performs tilde expansion on @var{string}.  If @var{string} begins with a\n\
tilde character, (@samp{~}), all of the characters preceding the first\n\
slash (or all characters, if there is no slash) are treated as a\n\
possible user name, and the tilde and the following characters up to the\n\
slash are replaced by the home directory of the named user.  If the\n\
tilde is followed immediately by a slash, the tilde is replaced by the\n\
home directory of the user running Octave.  For example,\n\
\n\
@example\n\
@group\n\
tilde_expand (\"~joeuser/bin\")\n\
     @result{} \"/home/joeuser/bin\"\n\
tilde_expand (\"~/bin\")\n\
     @result{} \"/home/jwe/bin\"\n\
@end group\n\
@end example\n\
@end deftypefn")
{
  octave_value retval;

  int nargin = args.length ();

  if (nargin == 1)
    {
      octave_value arg = args(0);

      string_vector sv = arg.all_strings ();

      if (! error_state)
      {
        sv = file_ops::tilde_expand (sv);

        if (arg.is_cellstr ())
          retval = Cell (arg.dims (), sv);
        else
          retval = sv;
      }
      else
      error ("tilde_expand: expecting argument to be char or cellstr object");
    }
  else
    print_usage ();

  return retval;
}

#if defined (__EMX__) && defined (OS2)

DEFCMD (extproc, , ,
  "extproc: ignored by Octave")
{
  return octave_value_list ();
}

DEFALIAS (EXTPROC, extproc);

#endif

/*
;;; Local Variables: ***
;;; mode: C++ ***
;;; End: ***
*/

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